FAQS: Frequently Asked Questions About Diabetes.

Frequently asked questions about diabetes
Frequently asked questions about diabetes

What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia(increased blood glucose),polyuria (excessive and frequent urination),polydipsia(excessive thirst) and polyphagia (increased appetite).

What causes diabetes?
This is caused by under secretion of insulin by the beta cells of the pancreas or lack of insulin.

What are the types of diabetes?
The main types of diabetes are
a.Type I Diabetes
b.Type II Diabetes
c.Gestational Diabetes
d.Diabetes Insipidus

What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The following symptoms are common to both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
a.Frequent and unusual urination particularly at night.
b.Excessive thirst.
d.Unexplained weight loss.
e.Slow wound healing

How can I know if I have diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed when you have a fasting blood sugar(FBS) level of over 7.0 mmol/l, plasma glucose of over 11.1 mmol/l two hours after a 75g oral glucose intake, or glycated hemoglobin of more than 6.5%.

What should be the normal sugar level?
Normal blood sugar levels for the majority of healthy individuals are as follows:
Fasting Blood Sugar(FBS) between 4.0 to 6.0 mmol/L (72 to 108 mg/dL) when fasting.
Maximum of 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) 2 hours after eating.

How is diabetes managed?
Diabetes is managed through proper diet, exercise and, if needed, medication. People with diabetes must use home tests to monitor the levels of sugar in their blood. Steps are then taken to keep the levels of blood sugar as normal as possible.

Can diabetes be cured?
Although there is no cure for diabetes,it can be well managed and blood sugar well controlled with dietary regimen and sometimes medication. To manage diabetes effectively consult your physician and registered dietitian for the appropriate medical advice.

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